Preventing Extinction Landing Page


Our ancestors have made decisions that have put our race into a certain path, one that leads to extinction for us an destruction of our world.

We do not have to go down this path.

There are other paths we can take into the future.

This book is about these other paths.

Preventing Extinction


Preventing Extinction is a part of a series of books that deals with the nature of societies of ‘thinking beings with physical needs.’ Other books in the series deal with general realities of these societies, realities that are designed to help readers understand that there are general laws that apply throughout the universe and that these include laws of social organization for thinking beings with physical needs which apply to all such beings, wherever they are in this vast universe and whatever their physical form.

There is a ‘big picture.’

We are but a tiny cluster of pixels in this massive picture.

We didn’t choose the realities of the world upon which we were born. We happened to have been born onto a world at a time when certain very dangerous societies were already in place. These societies operate in ways that cause the intelligent beings in them to divide the land around them with imaginary lines and fight over the lines in a primitive and animalistic way. They use their immense intellects to help hem figure out better weapons in these battles and have created incredibly powerful tools of murder and destruction.

These beings (us, humans) are intelligent enough to realize that if they use the most powerful weapons they have built, they will destroy the entire planet and kill everything on it, including themselves. Realizing this, they have been able to refrain from the use of the most powerful weapons. But the wars continue, using what they call ‘conventional’ weaponry and techniques, the relatively harmless bombs, rockets, grenades, and guns that help them do the things their feelings push them to do destructively, without totally destroying everything. They have organized their societies so they could make these ‘conventional’ weapons in massive quantities (every year they make 24 billion bullets, enough to kill every man, woman, child, and infant on earth three times over). They need to strip the resources of the world around them at an incredible rate to keep the industrial machinery of their societies that (among other things) produce these weapons. As this rape of the world continues, they take the ecosystem their planet depends on more and more out of balance, stretching its ability to adapt and keep the planet habitable more and more each year.

This gives them two very dangerous threats to their existence:

First, their emotions can overpower their logic at any time. The most destructive weapons are sitting ready for immediate use. All it takes is for one person to push a button. Many people have these buttons and the realities of the ‘conventional’ wars often push people into corners and force them to make choices: either submit to defeat in the conventional war and submit to the demands of the enemies, or push the button. So far, reason has prevailed. But this is unlikely to continue forever. Given time, the button will be pushed.

Second, the slow and steady destruction of the ecosystem will continue until the ecosystem can no longer adapt. Some critical part of it will fail. The system is so large and interdependent that the sciences of these thinking beings aren’t able to fully model it, so they can’t tell exactly how this will happen. But this is certain: push the system far enough, and it will happen.

Earth Realities

The other books in the series deal with the big picture.

The book Preventing Extinction deals with our specific situation on earth.

What must we do to put ourselves onto another path?

Preventing Extinction explains the steps.

To fully understand why the steps explained in Preventing Extinction will work, you have to understand the big picture. You have to understand the forces that act on thinking beings with physical needs in general and the ways our ancestors here on earth have reacted to these forces to create the destructive systems we inherited.

But not everyone has to understand these complexities to understand the solutions themselves. They just need to know the tools that are available and how these tools can be used to move us onto a different path. Preventing Extinction explains the tools.

The Problem

The basic tools that are required involve doing something called ‘empowering’ an entity this book calls a ‘community of humankind’ and giving it certain rights and authority.

The societies do not even recognize the human race as a whole as a ‘community.’ There is nothing to tie us together and give us common tools we can use to advance our common interests and needs. Even if the great majority of the people of the world want to work with others of our species in other parts of the world, there isn’t any structure in place that allows us to do this.

In fact, the key structures of the world are designed to make this impossible. They are designed to tear us apart from other people, to build lines between the various peoples of the world, and to put these peoples into conflict. If we want to prevent extinction, we need to understand this and realize this on a conscious level. We need to have some kind of tool that can unite us and empower us.

What kind of tool can do this?

We actually have historical examples where people have tried to create such tools in the past. The most significant of such tools was created by Alexander of Macedon (also called ‘Alexander the Great’) who made a serious attempt to implement systems that had been designed by great thinkers of his past to unite the human race so we could work together for common goals.

The basic ideas of the system Alexander tried to create had been worked out by the great thinker Pythagoras, one of the most intelligent people who had ever lived. Pythagoras, famous mostly now for his work on math and music (he laid the foundations for both fields as they exist today), was noted, during his own time, for his analysis of society and his ideas about how to deal with its problems. His proposals would have weakened and eventually done away with the power and rights of the entities called ‘sovereign countries.’ He was seen, therefore, as very dangerous to the military industrial complex that would not even exist if the countries that fought the wars didn’t exist, and to the entities called ‘governments of countries’ that would lose their power if his proposals were implimented. Because of his ideas, Pythagoras was seen as an ‘enemy of the state’ in every state he visited (he traveled widely) and many attempts were made to assassinate him. Finally, in 497BC, an attempt succeeded: he was giving a lecture in Croton (now a part of Italy) and the authorities found out about it. They blocked all the exits and set fire to the building, killing everyone inside, including Pythagoras himself.

Although Pythagoras was killed, the movement he had started didn’t die. It actually spread. Many took up his work including Socrates. Pythagoras had realized the authorities would oppose his analysis so he formed a underground or secret society to spread them. (This society was called and is still called the Pythagoreans.) Socrates’ grandfather, Timaeus, was a member of this society. He taught the ideas to Socrates.

Socrates believed that the people had evolved significantly since the time they put Pythagoras to death for his ideas. He thought the world was ready for an open discussion of ideas about the soundness of the key structures we inherited from our past, including the idea of dividing the world into ‘countries.’ He openly discussed these ideas. He was very persuasive and made some very good points. He convinced a lot of people and this led to the beginnings of real change. The people who ran the society didn’t want it changed. It worked in a certain way that benefited them. They wanted the world to continue to be divided into ‘countries’ that fought each other in wars. They had Socrates arrested. At first, they just wanted him to shut up. They asked him nicely. He said his work was important and he would not abandon it. It was his life work and would continue as long as he lived.

Socrates trial was well documented by one of the people who had been convinced that better societies were possible, Plato. Socrates was convicted of heresy (the same crime that Orwell was to call ‘thoughtcrime’ thousands of years later: thinking in ways we are not supposed to think) and corrupting youth. He made it clear, at the trial, that the only way to stop him was to put him t death. The prosecutors (who were ‘great patriots’ according to trial transcripts) made it clear that their country was at war and if they wanted to win the war, they had to make sure that ideas like that of Socrates could not flourish. The jury agreed and Socrates was put to death.

Plato was from one of the richest families in Athens. He inherited a vast estate named that was highly secure and protected beyond 30 foot high walls. He moved the ideas of Pythagoras (about how to form a better society) back underground but used his estate (called the ‘Academy,’ after a Greek god of war Academos) as a meeting ground for great thinkers from all over Europe, Asia and Africa, to spread the ideas of Pythagoras as laid out by Socrates. One of the scholars who arrived was Aristotle of Macedon. Aristotle was later hired by Phillip of Macdeon, the king, as a tutor to his son Alexander.

Alexander made the only significant attempt to unify the world and create a sound society that we have in the historical records. He started with the kingdom of Macedon and incorporated his changes there; he then spread these ideas to create the largest single empire the world had known to that date. He created massive cities for global trade, elimianted hundreds of thousand of borders, set up the education systems that we now call ‘universities,’ built the majority of the roads in use today (more than 2,000 years later) in the parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe that joined his system. He was universally loved and took no real precautions to protect his own life. But he had very powerful enemies: there were a lot of people who benefited from the old system and wanted it restored. Alexander was 33 years old when he was assassinated. He had been organizing his society for only 13 years and had shown in this time how great the benefits of synergy and cooperation could be.

As soon as Alexander was out of the way, the people who had been displaced by his reforms took power again. Alexander had created the greatest library system that had ever existed: the libraries were all burned to the ground. He had reorganized the entities called ‘governments’ in ways designed to unite the people of the world, allow them to work together on their common goals and advance their common interests. These changes were reversed and the old system, based on division into ‘countries,’ came back and continues to this day.

Other people have made similar attempts. Some were based on the ideas of Pythagoras, as expressed by Socrates and Aristotle, and others built on independent analysis that led them to the same conclusion: If we want a sound world, we need to empower the human race in some way that gives it the ability to work collectively to meet its common needs.

Some of the people who made these attempts actually made significant progress. One notable example was Henri Dunant, the founder of a great many of organizations now called ‘Non-governmental organizations’ or NGOs, that work without regard to borders and countries.

Preventing Extinction will explain both Alexander’s and Dunant’s systems in detail because the changes discussed here rest on taking the most useful aspects of both of their systems, combined with certain modern tools that didn’t exist when either of these people were alive.

Dunants first major success in creating an NGO involved the organizations now called the ‘International Red Cross and Geneva Convention.’ He founded this organization in an attempt to reduce the damage caused by war and give people an alternative to giving money to their governments to make war: they could give to the Red Cross which would work to end war.

Unfortunately, other key members of the board of directors (notably Gustav Moreir) believed that there are certain realities of the world we have no right to interfere in. Morier (and several of the other board members) were very religious and believed that countries existed because God created them. If Dunant’s policies had continued, the power and role of the entities called ‘countries’ would weaken and, eventually, disappear. Morier felt that humans have no right to try to alter the structures created by God. He became Dunants enemy. He asked Dunant to step down from his office of president of the Red Cross and Geneva Convention. Dunant refused. Morier (and his allies on the board) then used continual lawsuits to break Dunant financially, forcing him to declare bankruptcy. All people who declare bankruptcy must declare all their assets, even things of trivial value, and there is always something they miss. Detectives were hired to find evidence of fraud and Dunant was arrested and charged with bankruptcy fraud, allowing Morier to remove him from the organization he had created. Dunant had tried to make the world better but been destroyed, bankrupted, and humiliated on a public stage for his effort.

Although things didn’t work out for Dunant, we know that the basic method he wanted to use to unite the human race into a community and allow us to work together to advance our common needs is an effective one. The organizations he created was fantastically successful and still plays an important role in the world today. It doesn’t have the power that Dunant wanted it to have, to actually take steps to end war. But it still has the power and ability to limit the scope of war and provide assistance to people harmed by war, regardless of the country of their birth or the ‘side’ that country is on in the war.

The point here is that there are tools that can work to bring people together and allow them to work together for goals of the human race as a whole, rather than for the goals of a specific ‘nation’ or specific group of ‘united nations.’ These tools have been used in the past and, although they weren’t totally successful the first time, they showed that progress is possible and if we make enough progress we can be successful. (Here, the term ‘we’ refers to anyone who believes that the human race has common needs and goals and wants a forum that brings us together to allow us to meet these needs and goals.)

Preventing Extinction

The book Preventing Extinction is about steps that, if taken, will help unite the human race and give us tools that will allow us to work together to meet our common needs and advance toward our common goals.

Other books in the series go over background information. They show that there are many kinds of societies that thinking beings with physical needs can form. They provide scientific evidence that helps us understand the events that took place on earth when our most recent evolutionary ancestors (higher primates that were similar to modern chimpanzees) evolved and eventually crossed the line that took them to the beings we now call ‘humans.’

It shows the pressures on these beings and the way their natural reactions to these pressures would have led to highly territorial and extremely violent societies.

Human DNA and DNA from chimpanzees have both been sequenced and it has been found that there is more than a 99.4% match. It appears that chimps are our closest non-human relatives.

Chimpanzees are highly territorial animals. They are one of only three known mamals that exhibit a behavior called ‘boundary patrolling.’ These chimps mark territory with divisions that become durable and last long after the individuals who defined the territories have died. They assign individuals to ‘patrol’ this territory, searching for evidence that members of their species that are not a part of their collective (tribe/clan/nation; whatever you want to call it) having violated the borders. If they detect violations, they organize parties to track down the violators and kill them. If the violators retreat to their own side of the lines, the chimps follow them, organizing into groups to make sure they kill the violators. Often, these forays are suicide missions: following individuals into territories where they have allies who will defend them often means death to the soldier chimps who go on these missions. But they seem to have some sort of pressure to do this that is so strong that they will submit to death rather than let the violators go unpunished.

Why do they do this? We can rule this out: they didn’t build a scientific understanding of the possible societies chimps can form and determine this was in the best interests of their species. We know they didn’t do this because they didn’t have the mental capability to do this. Only humans have the abilities needed to conduct complex discussions and create organized sciences. Whatever the reasons, they weren’t logical. If we are looking for words to describe them, we may call the forces behind this ‘instincts.’ Chimpanzee researchers like Jane Goodal, who live with these animals for long periods of time and form relationships with them, call them ‘emotions.’ There seems to be some sort of psychological pressure that is beyond their conscious control that pushes them to do these things. Their facial expressions are similar to those of humans. When they attack their enemies, their faces show the expression of ‘hatred.’ When they organize the attacks, their faces show the expression that, in humans, we would call ‘fear.’

Imagine a group of whatever kind of primate was the immediate ancestors of humans just before their people started gaining the higher reasoning and complex communication abilities we have now. Imagine that their societies were organized as described above before they gained self-awareness. At some point, some of the animals realized that they had abilities their peers did not have. They could do things the others couldn’t. They became leaders in their community. The more intelligent ones looked for ways to do the things the tribe needed to do better and more efficiently. They were born with instinctual pressures that we might call ‘feelings’ that pushed them to want to do the things discussed in the quote above. (The chimps didn’t have discussions, do logical analysis, and decide to patrol their territory and kill any members of their species that weren’t members of their tribe. They didn’t have the mental capability to do these things.) The more intelligent members of the group would still feel these pressures. When they were discussing this among those of their group who were intelligent, they may have looked for words to describe this psychological pressure. Perhaps, if they could communicate well enough to be understood by people today, they may use words that describe these pressures as feelings or emotions.

They weren’t patrolling and killing for logical reasons. They were doing this for emotional reasons. They had instincts (that people like Jane Goodall would call ‘feelings’) that told them to do this.

They used their logical skills to help them do the things they felt they were supposed to do, including patrol and kill ‘foreigners’ trying to cross over into the territory that belonged to them. Obviously, they could do this better if they had weapons. The higher intellect gave them the ability to create better weapons. Eventually, there would be interbreeding between groups and the higher capabilities would spread.

The chimps would turn into people. The people would inherit the ‘countries’ of their chimps. They would inherit the structures that were used to select soldiers to defend the borders. They would basically be chimpanzee societies, with humans in them that have human capabilities to make tools and weapons.

This is a very dangerous combination.

Where Do We Go From Here?

The book Forensic History, a part of this series, goes over the scientific information we have about the way human societies came to exist and evolve into their present form. The description above is an extreme oversimplification of events that took place over a period of an incredibly long period of time.

I present it here simply to help you understand the general problem we face: There are forces that push us to divide the land into individual units (called ‘nations’ or ‘countries’ now) with imaginary lines drawn on maps that are turned into fortified ‘borders’ in the real world. The people on both sides of these borders have weapons of fantastic power. We can’t do the things our instincts or emotions (or whatever you call the pressures that push us to divide the world into individual territories) without organizing our society specifically around war. The enemies have done this. We have to do it too. If we fail, we will lose the wars.

Something inside tells us that this can’t happen. We may not ever be able to win, but we can’t lose.

Janette Rankin: ‘you can no more win a war than you can win an earthquake.’

Because of the incredible pressure of the forces that push us to mark off borders and defend them, we put people who want to do this in charge. They make the rules. They decide the priorities. They gain the power of something called ‘sovereignty,’ which means the power of ultimate control of society.

The Community Of Humankind

The book Preventing Extinction shows how we can build on the work of Pythagoras, Socrates, Aristotle of Macedon, Alexander the Great, and others all the way to the modern era to build systems that will empower an entity this book calls the ‘community of humankind.’

The human race today is not a ‘commonwealth’ or ‘community.’ The human race is divided into roughly 200 indvidual entities called ‘countries,’ each of which is run by an administration that claims that country is independent of the human race (with the ability to act without regard to the needs of the human race) and sovereign (with unlimited rights and no responsibilities to the human race, future generations, or even to protect the existence of the planet earth.)

The first step to moving toward a sound society is to build an organization that gives the human race as a whole a forum, wealth, a collective income that we can use to accomplish our common goals, and the ability to make joint decisions to determine what, exactly, the majority of the members of the human race want to happen in the future.

We need some sort of tool to turn what is now a large number of competing and antagonistic collectives (‘countries’ or ‘nations’) into a community. I am currently in the process of putting together this organizations and the first steps have been made. The organization is built on the model of Henri Dunant and the original organizations he started to create that was designed to unite the human race in its common goals. It also incorporates principles worked out by Pythagoras, Socrates, Thomas More, and many others who understood the basic requirements that would have to be met to have a sound society.

The previous attempts failed.

But this doesn’t mean that every attempt to solve this problem will fail. When people try to do things that are very difficult, early attempts almost always fail. There are problems they didn’t anticipate that can’t be solved with the resources they have at their disposal. People that follow can build on their successes and prevent the problems that led to their failure. We can make systematic progress, essentially getting on a path that will lead, eventually, to success. The goal of Preventing Extinction is to show people that such a path exists. There is a path that takes us to sound, stable, sustainable, peaceful, prosperous, and progressive societies that operate in ways that move the human race toward a better future as time passes. We can get onto that path if we want to do this.

Copyright 2023 by The Community of Humankind SA., Georgetown BWI


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